Note: I assume you understand the basics of the exposure triangle and some basic understanding of using an external flash. If you need further information you can visit here.
General indoor photography
Shutter speed: 1/160 second
Flash power: at 1/4 at 45 degree angle using the white card bouncer attached on the flash
Lens: 24-105mm f4L
Note: Do not use diffuser on the flash
This should be your standard setting when you shoot indoor standing about 4 feet away from your subject.
Notice that I mentioned do not use diffuser because it will greatly reduce the flash power. If you absolutely must need to use a diffuser you can either stand closer to your subject or turn the flash power up a little more to 1/2 power. Nevertheless, the white card in front of your flash head should be enough to give your subject a decent natural white light.
Right after you took the picture check to see how the picture came out. If it is overexposed try to walk one step away from your subject. Do the opposite if the picture came out underexposed.
If walking one step behind you is not possible, change your aperture and adjust the iso setting. Overall, the settings above should be your general settings for wedding photography indoor.
Flash photography at open dance floor
Shutter speed: 1/160 at 45 degree with flash card bouncer attached on flash.
Flash power: 1/4
This setting does a good job at getting a good exposure on the dance floor at about 24mm focal range. However, I personally feel it didn’t show enough movement from people and the white light made the environment looked dull. If I can go back in time, I’d try to get more ambient light around the room and I’ll get down lower to take the shot.
Shutter speed: 1/8
Flash power: 1/4
The professional photographer taught me this technique that night. It is called the “Twist and move sideway” technique. Essentially what you need to do is as soon as you press the shutter release button, turn your camera 180 degrees quickly to achieve this look below. You can also move your camera sideways from left to right (or the other way) to show light trails in your photographs.
Below is the picture I took using the twist technique. Due to the slower shutter speed more ambient light is captured. And by twisting the camera I was able to capture light trail around the people dancing on the dance floor.
I hope you enjoyed this master flash photography in weddings mini guide. What flash photography experience do you have in weddings? Any experience you want to share with the community? Share them in the comment section below!